What is Clinical Psychology? its History, Approaches, and Careers

What is Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders and emotional problems. It is focused on helping individuals cope with emotional difficulties, such as depression, anxiety, relationship issues, and more severe mental disorders like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

The history of clinical psychology is long, but it is not as old as the field of psychology. The term “clinical psychology” was first coined by Lightner Witmer in 1896. Clinical psychologists have a variety of approaches to helping people with mental health problems.

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that is concerned with the psychological well-being of the individual and how to treat mental illness.

History of clinical psychology

The history of clinical psychology is a fascinating topic. It can be traced back to the early 1800s when the first psychological clinic was opened in Paris. It was created by Jean-Etienne Dominique Esquirol, who is considered the father of modern psychiatry.

One of the early influences on clinical psychology was the work of Sigmund Freud. He was one of the first to believe that mental illness could be “cured” by talking about it with the patient. His therapy approach is often cited as being (one of) the earliest use(s) of clinical psychology.

In 1879, Austrian physician Sigmund Freud published his book “Studies on Hysteria” which has become one of the most influential texts in psychology to date. In 1924, John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner published “Behaviorism”, which introduced behaviorist principles to America and became a major turning point in the field of psychology.

Clinical psychology is the study of human behavior and mental processes, in order to understand, predict, and change people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

It was not until 1920 that clinical psychology became recognized as a profession in its own right. There are now more than 100 graduate programs that offer degrees in clinical psychology across North America.

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Example of clinical psychology

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that studies mental disorders and their causes. Clinical psychologists are typically trained in counseling, psychotherapy, and social work.

They are experts in treating mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, schizophrenia and personality disorders.

Clinical psychologists also work with people who have experienced trauma or abuse in their lives. They can provide therapy for these individuals to help them cope with the emotional distress caused by these events.


Intervention is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on the resolution of problems and the treatment of mental disorders. It is a common practice in clinical psychology. Intervention is also used to help people with substance abuse problems, such as alcoholism or drug addiction.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): is one type of intervention that has been proven to be effective in treating many different mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, and eating disorders.

Intervention can be delivered in different ways and at different levels depending on the severity of the problem or disorder. It can also be delivered by any qualified professional who has had proper training in clinical psychology and has received specific training on administering interventions for a particular disorder or problem.

In some cases, intervention may involve family members or friends who are close to the person with a problem or disorder.

In the past, clinicians mostly used what they were trained in to combat problems. Nowadays, they have a lot of options that are available. For example, cognitive-behavioral therapy typically refers to the use of worksheets as a way of recording negative thoughts and feelings.

Psychoanalysts also might make use of this technique as well by encouraging their patients to explore. while a psychologist trained in Gestalt techniques might focus on the client’s interactions with their therapist.

Clinical psychologists generally rely on research evidence, outcome studies and their professional judgement. Although there are many different therapeutic orientations, there are many different breakpoints between them. Insight vs. Action and In-session vs. Out-Session.

Four main schools of psychology

The four main schools of psychology are psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic, and cognitive.

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The first school is the psychodynamic school which is based on the idea that people’s thoughts and behaviors are determined by their unconscious minds.

The second school is behavioral which focuses on how psychological patterns are learned through experience.

The third school is humanistic which emphasizes individualism and personal growth.

And lastly, there’s the cognitive school which focuses on how mental processes work.


Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Clinical psychologists are experts in the assessment and treatment of clinical disorders, including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and psychotherapy.

The term “clinical” is used to distinguish the work done by clinical psychologists from other aspects of psychological practice that deal with non-pathological aspects of human behavior.

Clinical psychologists work in hospitals, clinics, schools or private practices. They may work with clients individually or in groups. And Clinical psychologists also work in research and teaching at universities and colleges.

clinical psychology requirements

They are required to complete a doctoral degree program in clinical psychology and pass the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP).

The EPPP is a national examination that tests knowledge of basic and applied science, professional practices, and ethics. The exam is given by the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB) or its designee.

In order to become licensed as a psychologist, one must first complete a doctoral degree program in clinical psychology. The requirements for this degree vary by school, but most programs require about four years of full-time study. After completing the program, one must successfully pass the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) before being eligible to apply for licensure.

Job Opportunities in clinical psychology

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness.

There are many job opportunities in this field. Clinical psychologists can work in a variety of settings such as hospitals, clinics, schools or universities. They can also work in private practice.

The clinical psychologist can be involved in the following areas:

– Researching and developing new treatments for mental health problems

– Providing therapy to patients with mental health problems

– Conducting psychological assessments for diagnostic purposes

– Supervising other professionals who provide psychological treatment.